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Scenario Planning: Supplementing Traditional Strategic Planning

It is clear the rate of change in today's work environments has been aggravating with more emphasis nowadays on smaller teams, incremental and rapid delivery, faster payback, and frequent project status reporting. This acceleration has instigated uncertainty that forced organisations to start supporting their strategic planning with a longer term perspective of planning called scenario planning or scenario thinking/analysis. Scenario ...

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A Simple Method to Split a WordPress Post into Multiple Pages

A Simple Method to Split a Wordpress Post into Multiple Pages

One of the most effective ways to increase the number of page views and decrease the bounce rate of your site is by splitting your long posts into several pages. In the first part of the article, you will learn in 2 steps how to split a post in Wordpress using the codex function wp_link_pages() and the <!––nextpage––> tag. In the second ...

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Boosting Your WordPress Site’s Performance By Enabling GZIP Compression

Boosting Your Wordpress Site's Performance By Enabling GZIP Compression

Ever heard of GZIP? It is a simple software application that compresses/decompresses files based on an algorithm named DEFLATE. It works by finding similar strings in a text file and replacing them temporarily to make the overall file size smaller which would drastically improve the performance of your website. The algorithm perfectly works with CSS and HTML filetypes which typically ...

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Improving Quality of Project Estimation

It is clear that estimating a project is important for the project manager to determine how long the project would take, to figure out how much the project would cost, to decide whether the project is worth doing, to measure variances against the baseline plan, and to take corrective actions. However some project managers nowadays tend to put minimum effort ...

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Avoiding Common Pitfalls of High Performance Project Teams

Previously in one of my earlier articles, I discussed the key qualities required for a project manager to be effective in building a high performance project team. Believe it or not, though high performance project teams can produce incredible outcomes, there still remain some serious pitfalls that project managers need to be aware of in order not to fall victims ...

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Contract Management Must-Knows For Project Managers

Contract management constitutes a major component of a project procurement system. Most work done nowadays on projects involves dealing with contracts or has a contractual nature. Although some companies have purchasing departments that specialize in procurement, one of the basic knowledge and skills of a project manager is to be able to read and manage contracts. This post basically discusses ...

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Understanding And Managing Your Boss

The idea of “managing your boss” may sound quite unusual for some managers, considering the widespread adoption of the traditional top down management approach in most organizations. Even though talented and aggressive managers nowadays carefully control and administer their subordinates, services, and products, they might reveal, on the other hand, a passive stand with their bosses (Gabarro and Kotter 1993). ...

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Changes in Project Management Processes Between PMBOK 4 And PMBOK 5

This post presents a tabulated summary of differences in the names, inputs, tools, and outputs of project management processes between PMBOK 4 and PMBOK 5. Note that terms in Red which exist in PMBOK 4 have been removed or replaced in PMBOK 5, terms in Blue have been newly added into PMBOK 5, and terms in Black have not ...

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Critical Analysis of Porter's Five Forces Model - Information Technology (IT) Industry

In order to appropriately formulate their corporate strategies and distinctively compete in the market, organizations are in a need for a framework that would help them in understanding industry structure and in overcoming rivalry. This essay aims at discussing, analyzing, and criticizing Porter’s Five Forces model using a wide variety of academic literature. The first part introduces the model, discusses ...

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Key Qualities For An Effective Project Manager

This post describes key qualities needed for an effective project manager. It discusses the differences between leading and managing a project, explains the importance of managing stakeholders, describes how to gain influence by reciprocity, stresses on the significance of leading by example and managing by wandering around (MBWA), explores how to deal with the contradictory nature of work, and finally ...

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Home > Ethics > Understanding Ethics And Applying Ethical Decision Making

Understanding Ethics And Applying Ethical Decision Making

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Ethics varies from one culture to another and sometimes we never know whether we have taken the right ethical decision or not for a given situation. Ethics defines the basis or the underlying framework of our societies and constitutes the core of our relationships. It consists of several conceptions or notions that affect our personal and business lives. These concepts include trust, judgement, responsibility, duty, obligation, right, damage, values, conduct, morals etc.

When you start thinking ethically, the first question you might think about is “Why should I?” or “Why should I not?”. Being capable of answering this question will help you develop better understanding on how to deal with the world around you. Some people only think about their self-interest and do not care about the harm they might inflict on others as a result of their actions. If everybody puts his self-interest above all, the world would definitely be in chaos and the only way to restrict this would be by Law (imposed regulation). In order to avoid clash with Law, you need to change yourself. Thus ethics emerges when you start regulating yourself. The consequences of making an ethical decision would be good both to you and to others.

Ethics serves as a guide to the choices that we make and actions that we take. It deals with your character and the way you treat others. It considers the reasons or principles behind your choices and the impact or consequences of your actions on others. It is not a set of rules or principles or simply a Law that you are doomed to follow (e.g. do not kill, do not steal etc.). Sometimes it would be more ethical to break the law in a given situation if you are able to justify your decision and actions and accept others to behave in the same way when dealing with this situation.

Concepts of Ethics

As stated earlier, ethics relies on important concepts that everybody should be aware of. These concepts form crucial parts of ethics and affect how you deal with others:

Values are the reasons, motives, or beliefs for your actions or for putting yourself in a given situation

Code of ethics is a set of guidelines that you rely on when making ethical decisions (e.g. Australian Computer Society Code of Ethics)

Code of conduct details what you would do in specific situations

Rights are justifications or excuses for your actions that place obligations on others to consider and respect

Obligations put you into forced commitments or bindings imposed by others (parents, boss, Law etc.)

Duties are responsibility requirements on you by others based on trust and promise

Responsibility means a moral duty that you are to fulfill to others

Liability is more or less a legal responsibility on you for all its consequences or actions

Harm is some sort of damage that is inflicted on you without your awareness

Hurt is the feeling you get when you become aware of the damage

Trust is created when you promise and fulfill your obligation with others; otherwise it is broken

Judgment is the decision you make after analyzing the situation and its effects. Judgments can be objective and based on clear principles or rules to be followed (e.g. winning/losing in a contest) or relative with subjective principles that you choose. How ethical your subjective judgment is, depends on how you use the concepts above to weigh your decisions ethically with others.

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